Anthrax is a disease that is caused by bacteria, Bacillus Antracis. These bacteria usually live in soil. Animals like cow, sheep, goat, and horse have contact with these bacteria. The bacteria stuck in herbivores skin, bone, fur, hair, or wool. People can get this disease if they eat or contact with contaminated animals’ flesh. Anthrax disease usually cause anthrax skin lesions. The lesions are unique and different with other skin lesions.
Anthrax Skin Lesions Causes
Anthrax skin lesions is caused by bacteria infection. The bacteria type is Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax bacteria live in the soil as a spore. The spore form can last for years.
You can get anthrax skin lesions if you touch contaminated animals, eating the flesh, and direct contact. The skin lesions can even easier to get if you have an open wound.
Anthrax Skin Infection Symptoms
Actually, there are 3 types of anthrax; cutaneous, inhalation, and gestational. Because of our topic are anthrax skin lesions, so we will talk about cutaneous anthrax only.
Cutaneous anthrax develops about 1 to 7 days after the exposure of Bacillus anthracis. In the most cutaneous form of anthrax, spores inoculate a host through skin abrasions, lacerations, or an insect such as flies.
The skin lesions usually involves exposed skin area such as upper and lower extremities, neck, and head.
Anthrax skin infection symptoms includes small and itchy lesion. The lesion is felt like an insect bite or sting.
The lesions start with a small, swollen, and itchy lesion. Then, it will develop or become larger like vesicle for 1 to 2 days after the infection.
Finally, the vesicle becomes small, rupture, and unpainful ulcer with necrotic tissue (black color).
If you check your skin around the infection skin, you may be found lymph enlargement.
Anthrax skin lesions are the most common form of anthrax infection. It is not really dangerous. 20 % of people with anthrax skin lesions may die without treatments. People with this type of anthrax almost 80-100% survive with proper treatment.
Skin Lesions Treatment
Anthrax lesions sometime makes you feel worry. It may be because of the appearance of the anthrax skin lesions. Black color lesion with uncomfortable feeling. In most case of these anthrax skin lesions, you should complete early treatment to cure the lesions.
The most effective treatment for anthrax skin lesion is antibiotic. Penicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, and ciprofloxacin can cure it well.
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Anthrax Skin Lesions Prevention
To prevent anthrax skin lesions, you have to minimize the contact between you and infected animals. You need body protection before contact the contaminated animal. You may use hand gloves, masker, or other recommended body protection. Contact your doctor if you develop an unusual-looking skin lesion on your arm, neck, or other exposed skin.
Keep your good sanitation. Always wash your hand after handling contaminated animals or livestock. You need to wash your hand even you wear gloves.
Do not let children play with bones of dead animals.
Another way to prevent anthrax is vaccine. There is vaccine that is so effective against anthrax. High risk people have (veterinarians, laboratory technicians, employees of textile mills processing imported goat hair, military personnel, and animal handlers) to get anthrax vaccination.
There are a claim that anthrax vaccine side effects could lead to several disease. For the explanation about it, please read Anthrax Vaccine Long Term Side Effects, Is That Really True?