Anthrax disease is interesting to talk about. Anthrax is an acute bacteria that live in the soil. Anthrax is commonly used for bioterrorism. Besides, here are the fun facts about anthrax.
Anthrax is an acute bacteria infection from common herbivore such as cows, sheep, goats, or horses. Anthrax disease can infect people with high contact with contaminated herbivore, skin, bone, fur, hair, or sheep wool. Besides, anthrax can be a bio weapon in terrorism and biological wars. Anthrax is such a big deal for developing countries.
The main cause of anthrax disease is bacteria called Bacillus anthracis that live in the soil as a spore. The anthrax spore could infect human by inhalation, wound contamination, and eating the contaminated flesh.
The main cause of anthrax disease is bacteria called Bacillus anthracis that live in the soil as a spore
10 Fun Facts about Anthrax
Why do we need to knw fun facts about anthrax? It may be the anthrax disease is like a bio weapon for terrorists. You should not afraid of it because these fun facts about anthrax will give you enough information. This fun facts about anthrax source is from everydayhealth.com. You may also read it here.
1. Anthrax is extremely rare, outside of bioterrorism
The first fun facts about anthrax is about the anthrax disease case. The anthrax infection is extremely rare. For example, in the United States, according to CDC records there are only one or two people get an anthrax infection each year. William A. Bower, MD said that sporadic outbreaks do occur in wild and domestic grazing animals such as cattle or deer. He added, yearly vaccination of livestock is recommended in areas where animals ave had anthrax in the past.
2. Anthrax is not contagious from person to another person
The second fun facts about anthrax relate to the contagious from one to another one. Most of infected people get anthrax from infected animals or meat. People could get sick if they handle the infected animals. It means that you cannot catch anthrax from another person.
People get anthrax usually if they have contact with infected animal carcasses, or eat meat from animals that were sick when slaughtered.
3. Anthrax Bacteria called Bacillus Anthracis cause anthrax disease
Fun facts number 3 is a fun facts about Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax bacteria lives in the soil, sometime they infecting wild animals such as antelope, deer, or wild horses. They also can infect livestock including cattle, sheep, and goats.
Anthrax bacteria can be in rest or dormant phase. They are resistant toward heat, radiation, and even drought. It may be because they have crystalline core that hold their tightly-packed DNA.
4. Anthrax can get inside your body and cause disease in four different ways
You can get anthrax through your skin if you contacted something contaminated with anthrax bacteria. You also can be infected if you inhale the anthrax bacterial spores. The spores are colorless and odorless. Other ways of anthrax infection is via digestive system, if you eat a contaminated meat, or through your bloodstream if you shoot anthrax-contaminated drugs.
5. Anthrax symptoms depend on how you were infected
A cutaneous anthrax is the most common form of anthrax disease – and the least dangerous, says Bower. ” About 95% of all naturally occurringanthrax infections worldwide are cutaneous [in the skin]. This typewrite of anthrax infection takes one from to 7 days life after exposure to show first symptoms
To make it easy, let’s have a look a summary of the symptoms of the 4 types of anthrax disease from CDC:
Cutaneous Anthrax Symptoms
- Small clusters of blisters
- Itchy and develop into skin ulcer that may be painless
- Black center ulcer
Inhalation anthrax Symptoms
This kind of anthrax symptoms is like flu illness, but it is the most dangerous type of anthrax. The infection usually develops within a week after the exposure of anthrax spore, yet it can take up to more than 2 months.
- Fever and chills
- Fatigue and extreme body aches
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breath
- Nausea and vomit
Gastrointestinal Anthrax Symptoms
- Fever and chills
- Swollen neck gland (lymphatic gland)
- Sore throat
- Bloody vomiting
- Flushed face
- Eye redness
Anthrax Symptoms from Drugs
- A cluster of blister or bumps like cutaneous anthrax infection. The blister develop and spread throughout the body and can cause deep abscesses at the injection site.
- Fever and chills
6. Test can quickly show if you have been infected by anthrax bacteria
“A few days after the anthrax infection when there are signs of disease, it’s not a big problem to grow anthrax bacteriaas a bacteriological culturefrom any infected tissue,” says Dr. Morse. An anthrax skin lesion swab in the case of cutaneous anthrax, for instance, takes a few days to grow as a bacterial culture. And for the inhalation anthrax, your physician can check the bacteria in blood samples. A chestX-ray can also show abnormalities”.
Doctors can also detect anthrax by a detailed polymerase chain reaction (PCR) that identifies the bacterial DNA. Morse notes that this can be finished lower than a day. “Earlier, it may be possible to detect by PCR or culture from swabs of contaminated areas. However, it’s harder to detect early, especially after the exposure,” he says. “So if you thinkthere’s been an exposure to live anthrax bacteria, or there is a known exposure,antibiotics are prescribedto prevent anthrax disease.”
7. Anthrax is Treatable
While antibiotics can help an anthrax infection, treatment needs to begin as soon as possible. At the end of anthrax infection, antitoxin treatments can against the anthrax toxins in the body.
RELATED Anthrax Nursing Care
8. Anthrax is Preventable
Here is an interesting fucts about anthrax vaccine. An FDA-approved anthrax vaccine is ready to use, but it’s only for those who has high risk for anthrax infection. The anthrax vaccine may take several weeks to be effective, so if you’ve been exposed to anthrax, immediate treatment with antibiotics like Cipro, doxycycline, orLevaquin (levofloxacin) can treat the infection. Those antibiotics called post-exposure prophylaxis.
“People with high risk occupation, including army and lab workers, may be at high risk with anthrax .” says Bower. In the actual DoD anthrax accident, he adds, “Laboratory workers who might been in high risk, and if they were potentially exposed, they were placed on post-exposure prophylaxis.”
9. Research Anthrax is Very Different from Naturally Occurring Anthrax
“Natural occurring anthrax is usually at lower concentration and tend to be clumped”, says Morse. “It’s therefore less likely to be inhaled readily and doesn’t usually waft into the air. The exposure of natural anthrax usually involve lower dose.” He adds, “Processed anthrax spore preparations could get into air easily. It is because the anthrax spore are odorless and colorless, so they are difficult to detect.
Anthrax is a ‘Selec Agent,’ so labs handling live anthrax for reseach need a specific registration, at all times, specific safety, security, and emergency preparedness requirements with regular inspections and ongoing training.
In addition, Mores note that all lab personnel must be registered and pass a background check before working with any Selec Agent. And during trasportation, any live anthrax is in safe place. You do not need to worry about it because there are specific, and very strick shipping requirements requiring multiple layers of packaging. The personnel who pack the Select Agent require special training to ensure that the live anthrax handled correctly.
10. You are probably not at risk for anthrax infection
The last fun facts about anthrax is about the risk of anthrax infection. You are no risk from exposure to anthrax as a result of indident with DoD. Bower says, “Peole who work with the bacteria, they can do to minimize their risk”.