Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis signs and symptoms are similar with stroke patients. But there are some differences of it. Let’s understand the signs and symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is well-known as Lou Gehrig disease. It is a motor neuron disease that cause muscular atrophy. ALS attacks 40 to 70 years old people. ALS is a fatal disease because it can weaken patient chronically and progressively.
Based on the definition above, we can understand what ALS is. In conclusion, ALS is a disease with muscle problems. It is usually attacks 40 – 70 years old. The patients are unable to move the muscle because of some problems in spinal cord, such as autoimmune, metabolic, nutrition, and virus infection in motor neuron.
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Nursing Care
- Scientists Found Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Prevention
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis signs and symptoms usually based on pathophysiology of the disease. Understand the pathophysiology will make you understand the pathway why the signs and symptoms exist.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Signs and Symptoms
The most common Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis signs and symptoms is muscle athrophy. Athrophy is a muscle wasting. The fiber of muscle shrink to be a small size. Normally, the more use muscle, the bigger it will be. Otherwise, the less use muscle, the musce becomes smaller.
Muscle athrophy is one of the most common Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis signs and symptoms. Basically, muscle needs signal to contract from spinal cord. In Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the signal is absent or weak. The patients with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis will have a muscle atrhophy in their extremity, both hand or leg.
All of our body use smooth and motoric muscle. In Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the motoric muscle cannot contract well, even paralysis. Including the smallest motoric muscle, vocal cord, upper and lower jew muscle, or tongue.
All of vocal muscle is disturbed and resulting language problem. This Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis signs and symptoms makes nurses or other people difficult to understand what the patients are saying.
Effective communications are really needed for this Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis signs and symptoms.
Saliva or spittle in patients with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis usually in excessive production. This Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis symptom is caused by no mouth and tongue muscle control. Normally, saliva is produced in normal number, but if the saliva is not controlled well by mouth, the saliva will drop and it pressume that the patient with ALS have excessive saliva. But actually the patient is just loss control of saliva drop.
Difficult to swallows, chew, and breathe
Next Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis signs and symptoms is difficulty in swallowing, chewing, and breath. This sign and symptoms make patient in danger. All of those abilities are important to live. If people cannot swallow, it means that they can eat and this condition will make foods go inside lung instead of stomach. Food or fluid accumulation in lung leads to aspiration and respiratory failure.
Chewing is also important to destroy a solid food become in small size. No Chewed food will make the nutrition difficult to absorb in intestine system. Patients usually need nasogastric pipe to get nutrition.
Patients with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have difficulty in breathing. All of respiratory system works with all of the muscle around it such as chest muscle, ribs muscle, and diaphragm muscle. No muscle contraction of those breathing muscles will make the patients need oxygen or even ventilator to help breathing.