Anaphylaxis has 3 types based on the symptoms; mild anaphylaxis, moderate anaphylaxis, and severe anaphylaxis. Generally, allergy affects all of the body part, inside and outside, making a person feel sick in many ways.
Anaphylaxis has similar causes, yet it is different in severity of the symptoms. For instance, a mild anaphylais has a mild allergic reaction after eating food induced allergy might be tingling of the lips, and the severe reaction of anaphylaxis could be swelling of the tongue.
For moderate anaphylaxis example, an insect sting could be itching, reddening, pain, and swelling around the sting. The severe anaphylaxis toward insect sting could be widespread rash, dizziness, and difficulty breathing. Anaphylaxis has a really different type based on the symptoms that appear. Only some people will experience severe anaphylaxis symptoms.
Types of Anaphylaxis Symptoms
Mild anaphylaxis and Moderate Anaphylaxis Symptoms
Sometimes, before severe anaphylaxis occurs, a person may experience mild anaphylaxis symptoms. These symptoms can be useful warning for you before the symptoms change to be severe symptoms, so the treatment should be needed immediately.
- Central nervous and cardiovascular system – dizziness and headache
- Face – tingling feeling around the face or mild swelling of the face, including lips, and eyes
- Airway – runny nose like rhinitis allergy and cough.
- Gastrointestinal system – abdominal pain or cramp, nausea and vomit.
- Skin – hives, welts, itching, redness around the body.
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Severe Anaphylaxis Symptoms
- Central nervous and cardiovascular system – persistent dizziness, fainting, pale or floppy (in children), chest pain, and weak pulse.
- Face – swelling tongue
- Airway – difficulty breathing ; noisy breathing (wheezing, ronchi, or snoring) sound, throat swelling or tightness, difficulty talking, and persistent cough.
- Gastrointestinal system – for a person with an insect sting allergy, he or she could be stomach/abdominal pain, nausea, and vomit.
- Skin – for a person with an insect sting allergy, he or she could be stomach/abdominal pain, nausea, and vomit.
For all of those mild, moderate, or severe anaphylaxis symptoms may be caused by allergy or during an anaphylactic reaction. A person may have only one symptom, or even all of those symptoms. Or they may have different symptoms altogether. Symptoms could change over time. If you have only mild to moderate anaphylaxis symptoms, it does not mean that you won’t have severe anaphylaxis symptoms in the future.
Consult to your doctor about the symptoms of anaphylaxis, and it is recommended for you to learn the warning sign of your allergy.
Mild Anaphylaxis Treatment – Moderate Anaphylaxis Treatment
1. Over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamine
Antihistamine may relieve mild anaphylaxis symptoms. Antihistamine prevent symptoms such as hives by blocking histamine receptors so the body does not react to allergens.
The symptoms of mild anaphylaxis involve running nose. Decongestant can clear the nose from allergic secretion, especially for seasonal allergies. Taking decongestant should be 3 days only. Don’t take it for more than 3 days.
These medications are available in tablets, eye drops, and nasal sprays. These medicines also can cause drowsiness. Do not drive or do work that needs a lot of concentration.
3. Ice or topical cream
Hive, swelling, redness, and itching may be reduced with ice or topical cream that contain corticosteroids.
Severe Anaphylaxis Treatment
Severe anaphylaxis or severe allergic reaction can occur within minutes after allergen exposure. If this condition is untreated, can lead to loss of consciousness, respiratory distress, and cardiac arrest. The most effective treatment for severe anaphylaxis are as follows;
- Call 9-1-1
- Epinephrine medication immediately if needed.
- Do not panic keep calm
- Raise the feed about 12 inches far from the ground and cover them with blanket.
- If there is vomit, turn the body on the side.
- Make sure the clothing is loose to improve the breathing ability.
The best treatment for severe anaphylaxis is epinephrine. The sooner the person get epinephrine, the better. Giving medication via oral is not recommended, do not let the person drink, lifting the head, especially for those who have trouble breathing.
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
If a person with severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis is not breathing, coughing, or moving, you must perform CPR. CPR can be done even without formal CPR training. CPR consists of doing chest compression. It is about 100 times per minutes until help arrives.